doi:  10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1705.17149
2016年01号台风“尼伯特”对一次梅雨期降雨影响的数值试验

A Numerical Study of Typhoon “Nepartak” Impacts on a Precipitation Event during Meiyu Period
摘要点击 697  全文点击 620  投稿时间:2017-04-04  
查看HTML全文  查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
基金:  国家自然科学基金项目41375049、40905021、41275099,中国博士后科学基金项目2011M500894,国家公益性行业(气象)科技专项GYHY20120605
中文关键词:  梅雨锋  台风  分段位涡反演  西太副高
英文关键词:  Meiyu front  Typhoon  Piecewise potential vorticity inversion  Western Pacific subtropical high
        
作者中文名作者英文名单位
田亚杰TIAN Yajie国防科技大学气象海洋学院, 南京 211101;解放军 78102 部队, 成都 610036
黄泓HUANG Hong国防科技大学气象海洋学院, 南京 211101
王春明WANG Chunming国防科技大学气象海洋学院, 南京 211101
引用:田亚杰,黄泓,王春明.2018.2016年01号台风“尼伯特”对一次梅雨期降雨影响的数值试验[J].大气科学,42(2):383-397,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1705.17149.
Citation:TIAN Yajie,HUANG Hong,WANG Chunming.2018.A Numerical Study of Typhoon “Nepartak” Impacts on a Precipitation Event during Meiyu Period[J].Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese),42(2):383-397,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1705.17149.
中文摘要:
      本文应用分段位涡反演方法和中尺度WRF模式研究了2016年01号台风“尼伯特”对一次梅雨锋降水的影响,研究结果表明:减弱(增强)台风之后,降雨区的水汽通量增加7.34%(减少6.67%),动能增加7.78%(减少5.36%),对流有效位能增加6.66%(减少5.71%)。江淮地区降雨量出现累积降雨量增加10.21%(减少8.13%)。台风“尼伯特”在其加强、靠近中国大陆的过程中,迫使西太平洋副热带高压(简称副高)北抬东撤,阻碍了沿副高边缘输送至江淮地区的水汽和热量,间接导致该地区降水显著减少至消失;此外台风增强过程中,本体环流对于水汽和能量的消耗增大,导致孟加拉湾输送至江淮降雨区的水汽和能量的减少,直接导致梅雨锋降水过程中止。
Abstract:
      In this paper, the effects of typhoon Nepartak on a Meiyu frontal precipitation event is explored by using the piecewise potential vorticity inversion method and the mesoscale WRF model. The results show that after weakening (strengthening) the typhoon, the water vapor flux over the rainfall area increased by 7.34% (decreased by 6.67%), the kinetic energy increased by 7.78% (decreased by 5.36%), the convective available potential energy increased by 6.66% (decreased by 5.71%), and accumulated precipitation in the Yangtze-Huaihe River basin increased by 10.21% (decreased by 8.13%). During the period when typhoon Nepartak was strengthening and approaching Mainland China, the subtropical high was forced to move northward and retreat eastward, which could directly prevent the water vapor and thermal energy from transporting to the Yangtze-Huaihe River basin along the edge of the subtropical high and indirectly lead to significant precipitation reduction and even disappearance in the area. In addition, accompanied with the intensification of typhoon, the depletion of water vapor and energy of the noumenon circulation increased, leading to decreases in water vapor and energy transport form the Bay of Bengal to Yangtze-Huaihe River basin. As a result, the Meiyu frontal precipitation terminated.
主办单位:中国科学院大气物理研究所 单位地址:北京市9804信箱
联系电话: 010-82995051,010-82995052传真:010-82995052 邮编:100029 Email:dqkx@mail.iap.ac.cn
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计
京ICP备09060247号