doi:  10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1805.17281
基于CloudSat/CALIPSO卫星资料的青藏高原云辐射及降水的研究进展

Review of Current Investigations of Cloud, Radiation and Rainfall over the Tibetan Plateau with the CloudSat/CALIPSO Dataset
摘要点击 359  全文点击 404  投稿时间:2017-11-15  
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基金:  国家自然科学基金项目91637312、91437219,中国科学院前沿科学重点研究项目QYZDY-SSW-DQC018,NSFC-广东联合基金(第二期)超级计算科学应用研究专项-国家超级计算广州中心项目U1501501
中文关键词:  CloudSat/CALIPSO卫星资料  青藏高原    辐射  降水
英文关键词:  CloudSat/CALIPSO dataset  Tibetan Plateau  Cloud  Radiation  Precipitation
           
作者中文名作者英文名单位
刘屹岷LIU Yimin中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室, 北京 100029;中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
燕亚菲YAN Yafei上海市气象科学研究所, 上海 200030
吕建华LÜ Jianhua中山大学大气科学学院, 广州 510275
刘肖林LIU Xiaolin中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室, 北京 100029;中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
引用:刘屹岷,燕亚菲,吕建华,刘肖林.2018.基于CloudSat/CALIPSO卫星资料的青藏高原云辐射及降水的研究进展[J].大气科学,42(4):847-858,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1805.17281.
Citation:LIU Yimin,YAN Yafei,LÜ Jianhua,LIU Xiaolin.2018.Review of Current Investigations of Cloud, Radiation and Rainfall over the Tibetan Plateau with the CloudSat/CALIPSO Dataset[J].Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese),42(4):847-858,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1805.17281.
中文摘要:
      青藏高原上空的云及其相关联的降水和辐射影响了高原上空非绝热加热的空间结构。2006年卫星发射升空的CloudSat/CALIPSO卫星提供了定量的、完整的云垂直结构信息。本文回顾了国内外基于该资料进行的青藏高原上云宏观和微观结构特征,云与降水相关性,云辐射效应以及模式中的云-辐射问题方面的研究。指出抬升的青藏高原上水汽较少,限制了高原上云的垂直高度,对云层厚度和层数有显著压缩作用。在云量及其季节变化上,单层云的相对贡献大于亚洲季风区的其他区域;夏季对流云比较浅薄,积云发生频率最高,云内滴谱较宽;降水云以积云和卷云为主,云对总降水的贡献随着云层数增多而减小,降水增强时高层冰粒子的密集度趋于紧密;夏季青藏高原地区云的净辐射效应在8 km高度存在一个厚度仅1 km左右但较强的辐射冷却层,而在其下(4~7 km高度之间)为强的辐射加热层。最后展望了未来需要进一步开展的研究。
Abstract:
      Clouds over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and associated precipitation and radiation affect the structure of the TP diabatic heating. The CloudSat/CALIPSO launched in 2006 has provided quantitative information on three-dimensional distribution of clouds. This paper reviews the studies on the macrophysical and microphysical properties, the connection with precipitation, the cloud radiative forcing and the problem in numerical simulations of clouds over the TP based on the CloudSat/CALIPSO data. It is pointed out that there is less water vapor above the TP, which limits the vertical height of clouds on the plateau and significantly affects the cloud thickness and the number of cloud layers. The relative contribution of single layer cloud on the cloud fraction and its seasonal variation is greater than that in other Asian monsoon regions. The convective cloud in summer is relatively shallow, the cumulus cloud occurrence frequency is the highest, and the drop spectrum in the cloud is wider over the TP. Cirrus and cumulus clouds are major cloud types that have precipitation. The cloud contribution to total precipitation decreases with the increase of the number of cloud layers. The number concentration of ice particle tends to be denser at higher altitudes when precipitation enhances. In the summer, net radiative cooling effect occurs over a layer of only 1 km thick at the height of 8 km over the TP, where the cooling is very strong. Below the cooling layer is a strong radiative heating layer located between 4-7 km. Finally, the future studies are proposed.
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