违反了 PRIMARY KEY 约束 'PK_t_counter'。不能在对象 'dbo.t_counter' 中插入重复键。 语句已终止。 青藏高原上空甲烷的时空分布特征及其夏季高值形成机制分析-Characteristics of Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Methane over the Tibetan Plateau and Mechanism Analysis for High Methane Concentration in Summer
doi:  10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2016.16062
青藏高原上空甲烷的时空分布特征及其夏季高值形成机制分析

Characteristics of Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Methane over the Tibetan Plateau and Mechanism Analysis for High Methane Concentration in Summer
摘要点击 293  全文点击 784  投稿时间:2016-03-24  
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基金:  国家自然科学基金项目41575029
中文关键词:  甲烷  大气红外探测仪(AIRS)  青藏高原  时空分布  季风指数
英文关键词:  Methane  Atmospheric infrared sounder (AIRS)  Tibetan Plateau  Spatial and temporal distribution  Monsoon index
     
作者中文名作者英文名单位
周杰ZHOU Jie南京信息工程大学气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心, 中国气象局气溶胶-云-降水重点开放实验室, 南京 210044
官莉GUAN Li南京信息工程大学气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心, 中国气象局气溶胶-云-降水重点开放实验室, 南京 210044
引用:周杰,官莉.2017.青藏高原上空甲烷的时空分布特征及其夏季高值形成机制分析[J].气候与环境研究,22(3):315-321,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2016.16062.
Citation:ZHOU Jie,GUAN Li.2017.Characteristics of Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Methane over the Tibetan Plateau and Mechanism Analysis for High Methane Concentration in Summer[J].Climatic and Environmental Research(in Chinese),22(3):315-321,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2016.16062.
中文摘要:
      利用搭载在美国Aqua 卫星上的大气红外探测仪(AIRS)观测资料反演的全球甲烷(CH4)产品和NCEP 再分析资料,分析了2003~2014 年青藏高原上空CH4 的时空变化特征,探讨了夏季CH4 高值变化与季风的关系。研究结果表明:就青藏高原整体而言,CH4 浓度随高度增加递减;对流层中高层CH4 含量季节变化较为明显,其平均浓度在7~9 月处于高值,6 月、10 月次之,其余月份处于低值。2003~2014 年CH4 含量呈逐年上升趋势,年增长率约为4.66ppb(10-9)。高原上空CH4 空间分布分析显示,高原北部CH4 浓度高于南部地区。夏季风期间,随着高原上的强对流输送和上空南亚高压的阻塞,对流层中高层CH4 浓度明显增加并不断积累,在8 月底至9 月初出现最大值。在分析季风指数的基础上发现,夏季季风影响下的强对流输送是高原对流层中高层CH4 高值形成的主要原因之一,对流层中高层CH4 浓度最大值出现时间较季风指数的峰值滞后约半至一个月,随着夏季风的撤退,CH4 浓度高值迅速降低。
Abstract:
      Observations of global methane inversion (CH4) products measured middle-upper by the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on the Aqua satellite and the NCEP reanalysis data are used to investigate characteristic changes in CH4 over the Tibetan Plateau from 2003 to 2014. The relationship between the CH4 change and the monsoon is explored. The results indicate that, taking the Tibetan Plateau as whole, the concentration of CH4 decreases with the increase in altitude. The seasonal variation of CH4 in the middle-upper troposphere is significant. Monthly average concentration of CH4 is the highest from July to September, followed by that in June and October, and the value is low in other months. The concentration of CH4 increased year by year during 2003-2014, showing an overall increasing trend with an annual growth rate of about 4.66ppb (10-9). Based on analysis of the spatial distribution of CH4 over the plateau, the concentration of CH4 is higher in the north than in the south of the plateau. During the summer monsoon period, CH4 concentration in the mid-upper troposphere significantly increases and continues to accumulate due to strong convective transport and influences of South Asia high blocking over the plateau. The maximum CH4 concentration appears at the end of August to early September. Analysis of the monsoon index suggests that strong convection under the influence of summer monsoon is one of the major factors contributing to the high value of CH4 over the Tibetan Plateau. The maximum CH4 concentration appears about one month later than the Monsoon Index. With the decline of the monsoon, the high value of CH4 also quickly decreases.
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