违反了 PRIMARY KEY 约束 'PK_t_counter'。不能在对象 'dbo.t_counter' 中插入重复键。 语句已终止。 2013年“苏力”台风西行登陆引发闽南大暴雨成因的模拟研究-A Numerical Investigation of the Formation Mechanism for the Extremely Heavy-Rain Event in Southern Fujian Induced by Westward-Moving Typhoon Soulik in 2013
doi:  10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2017.16181
2013年“苏力”台风西行登陆引发闽南大暴雨成因的模拟研究

A Numerical Investigation of the Formation Mechanism for the Extremely Heavy-Rain Event in Southern Fujian Induced by Westward-Moving Typhoon Soulik in 2013
摘要点击 296  全文点击 1709  投稿时间:2016-09-27  
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基金:  国家自然科学基金项目41675047、41405106,厦门市科技惠民计划项目3502Z20164080,灾害天气国家重点实验室项目2014LASW-A05
中文关键词:  台风  暴雨  地形  数值模拟
英文关键词:  Typhoon  Heavy rainfall  Topography  Numerical simulation
     
作者中文名作者英文名单位
赵玉春ZHAO Yuchun海峡气象开放实验室, 厦门 361012;中国气象科学研究院灾害天气国家重点实验室, 北京 100081
王叶红WANG Yehong海峡气象开放实验室, 厦门 361012
引用:赵玉春,王叶红.2017.2013年“苏力”台风西行登陆引发闽南大暴雨成因的模拟研究[J].气候与环境研究,22(3):365-380,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2017.16181.
Citation:ZHAO Yuchun,WANG Yehong.2017.A Numerical Investigation of the Formation Mechanism for the Extremely Heavy-Rain Event in Southern Fujian Induced by Westward-Moving Typhoon Soulik in 2013[J].Climatic and Environmental Research(in Chinese),22(3):365-380,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2017.16181.
中文摘要:
      利用中尺度数值模式对2013 年7 月13~14 日“苏力”台风引发福建南部大暴雨的天气过程进行了数值模拟、诊断分析和敏感性试验。结果发现:台风环流内强的正差动涡度平流和强的低层暖平流叠置是台风对流暴雨形成的有利大尺度强迫环境。台风登陆后移动旋转过程中,其风场、假相当位温场(θse)、水汽场、对流有效位能(CAPE)、对流不稳定度的空间结构及其正相对涡度、辐合区随着台风旋转在不断发生变化,台风环流内高θse 和高比湿气团的影响、带有CAPE 气流的输入、低层气流汇合或风速辐合、对流不稳定以及局地地形强迫等共同作用是闽南大暴雨发生的主要原因,强降水区主要位于环境风垂直切变的下游和左侧。此西移经台湾北侧的台风个例中,台湾地形可能主要通过改变台风环流内降水及其非绝热加热分布,进而影响台风的结构和移动路径,最终影响台风暴雨的强度和落区。闽南局地地形在台风大暴雨的形成中起到了一定的增幅作用,海陆摩擦差异造成的风速辐合在台风移近到登陆阶段对台风北侧偏东气流内降水具有不可忽视的增幅作用。
Abstract:
      The extremely heavy rain event induced by the westward-moving typhoon Soulik during 13-14 July 2013 is investigated through numerical simulation, diagnostic analysis, and sensitivity experiments using a mesoscale numerical model. The results show that the superposition of strong positive differential vorticity advection and strong low-level warm advection in the typhoon circulation is the large-scale environment favorable for the formation of heavy convective rainfall. After the typhoon landed, its spatial structure of wind, pseudo equivalent potential temperature (θse), high moisture, convective available potential energy (CAPE), convective instability and positive vorticity, and convergence area all varied with the typhoon rotation during the period of moving and rotating. The combined effect of high θse air mass, the inflow of instable air, the low-level convergence or wind speed convergence in typhoon circulation, the convective instability and local topographical forcing was the main reason for the formation of the extremely heavy rainfall in southern Fujian Province. The heavy rainfall was mainly located in the downstream and left side of the environmental vertical wind shear. In this case, the west-moving typhoon passed north of Taiwan, where the topography might affect the moving path and structure of the typhoon through changing the typhoon rainfall distribution and associated diabatic heating, eventually affected intensity and location of the heavy rainfall. The local topography in southern Fujian Province might exert an enhancing influence on the typhoon extremely heavy rainfall. The wind speed convergence induced by differences in friction between the land and sea surface played a critical role in the rainfall within the easterly flow to the north of the typhoon during its moving-close-to-land and landing period.
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