违反了 PRIMARY KEY 约束 'PK_t_counter'。不能在对象 'dbo.t_counter' 中插入重复键。 语句已终止。 基于HRCLDAS/CLM陆面数据同化系统的青藏高原地区土壤湿度模拟研究-Simulation Analysis of Soil Moisture in the Tibetan Plateau Based on the HRCLDAS/CLM Land Data Assimilation System
doi:  10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2018.17139
基于HRCLDAS/CLM陆面数据同化系统的青藏高原地区土壤湿度模拟研究

Simulation Analysis of Soil Moisture in the Tibetan Plateau Based on the HRCLDAS/CLM Land Data Assimilation System
摘要点击 292  全文点击 324  投稿时间:2017-09-26  
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基金:  国家自然科学基金重点项目(91437220),南京信息工程大学大学生创新创业训练计划项目
中文关键词:  青藏高原  HRCLDAS/CLM系统  陆面模式  土壤湿度
英文关键词:  Tibetan Plateau  HRCLDAS/CLM System  Land surface model  Soil moisture
                    
作者中文名作者英文名单位
陈萍萍CHEN Pingping南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044
沈润平SHEN Runping南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044
师春香SHI Chunxiang国家气象信息中心, 北京 100081
韩帅HAN Shuai国家气象信息中心, 北京 100081
王绍武WANG Shaowu南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044
袁帅YUAN Shuai南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044
鲁青芸LU Qingyun南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044
引用:陈萍萍,沈润平,师春香,韩帅,王绍武,袁帅,鲁青芸.2018.基于HRCLDAS/CLM陆面数据同化系统的青藏高原地区土壤湿度模拟研究[J].气候与环境研究,23(4):442-452,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2018.17139.
Citation:CHEN Pingping,SHEN Runping,SHI Chunxiang,HAN Shuai,WANG Shaowu,YUAN Shuai,LU Qingyun.2018.Simulation Analysis of Soil Moisture in the Tibetan Plateau Based on the HRCLDAS/CLM Land Data Assimilation System[J].Climatic and Environmental Research(in Chinese),23(4):442-452,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2018.17139.
中文摘要:
      利用最新的高时空分辨率(1 km、1 h)的中国气象局高分辨率陆面数据同化系统(HRCLDAS-V1.0)大气近地面强迫资料,驱动由NCAR发展的通用陆面模式(CLM),对青藏高原地区2015年1月1日至9月30日的土壤湿度开展了模拟研究。结果表明模拟得到的高时空分辨率(1 km、1 h)土壤湿度能够体现出青藏高原地区从东南向西北逐渐变低的空间分布特征,较好地表现出各层土壤湿度的时间变化特征,6~9月土壤湿度波动较大,1~5月波动较平缓,上层土壤湿度变幅较大,深层变化较平缓。0~5 cm、0~10 cm和10~40 cm深度土壤湿度模拟结果与观测值的相关系数均在0.8以上,其中0~5 cm土层的相关系数达到0.92,各层土壤湿度观测值与模拟值的均方根误差变化则相反,3个土层土壤湿度模拟结果与观测值的偏差均小于0.04 mm3 mm-3,但模式对于研究时段土壤湿度变化的低值有高估现象,且模拟能力随着土层深度的加深而减弱。
Abstract:
      China Meteorological Administration High Resolution Land Data Assimilation System (HRCLDAS-V1.0) is used to drive the Community Land Model (CLM) for soil moisture simulation from 1 Jan to 30 Sep 2015 over the Tibetan Plateau region. Results show that the simulated soil moisture with high spatial-temporal resolution (1 km, 1 h) can reflect the spatial distribution characteristics of soil moisture in the Tibetan Plateau, where the soil moisture gradually decreases from the southeast to the northwest. Temporal variability of the soil moisture shows large changes from Jun to Sep, while the changes from Jan to May are more gentle at different depths of soil. Large changes are found in the upper soil layers, while changes are often small in deep soil layers. The correlation coefficient between the observations and simulated soil moisture is above 0.8 of 0-5-cm, 0-10-cm, and 10-40-cm depths, and reaches 0.92 for the layer of 0-5-cm depth. The changes of the root mean square errors for simulated and observed soil moisture are opposite, and the biases of simulated soil moisture are less than 0.04 mm3 mm-3 in all layers. During the study period, the low value of soil moisture is overestimated, and the simulation ability of the model for soil moisture decreases with the depth of the soil.
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